Declaring the best book ever written is tricky business. Who’s to say what the best is? We went one step further: we crunched the numbers from 10 top books lists (Modern Library, the New York Public Library, St. John’s College reading list, Oprah’s, and more) to come up with The Top 100 Books of All Time. It’s a list of lists – a meta-list.

1. War and Peace (Vintage Classics) by Leo Tolstoy
2. Nineteen Eighty-Four (Penguin Modern Classics) by George Orwell
3. Ulysses (Penguin Modern Classics) by James Joyce
4. Lolita (Everyman’s Library (Cloth)) by Vladimir Nabokov
5. The Sound and the Fury (Norton Critical Editions) by William Faulkner
6. Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison
7. To The Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf
8. The Iliad / The Odyssey by Homer
9. Pride and Prejudice (Penguin Classics) by Jane Austen
10. The Divine Comedy (The Inferno, The Purgatorio, and The Paradiso) by Dante Alighieri
11. The Canterbury Tales: A Selection (Penguin Classics) by Geoffrey Chaucer
12. Gulliver’s Travels (Penguin Classics) by Jonathan Swift
13. Middlemarch (Oxford World’s Classics) by George Eliot
14. Things Fall Apart (Norton Critical Editions) by Chinua Achebe
15. The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
16. Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell
17. One Hundred Years of Solitude (P.S.) by Gabriel Garcia Marquez
The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald
Catch-22 by Joseph Heller
Beloved by Toni Morrison
The Grapes of Wrath (Centennial Edition) by John Steinbeck
Midnight’s Children: A Novel by Salman Rushdie
Brave New World by Aldous Huxley
Mrs. Dalloway (Penguin Modern Classics) by Virginia Woolf
Native Son (Bloom’s Modern Critical Interpretations) by Richard Wright
Democracy in America (Penguin Classics) by Alexis de Tocqueville
On the Origin of Species: By Means of Natural Selection (Thrift Edition) by Charles Darwin
The Histories, Revised (Penguin Classics) by Herodotus
The Social Contract and Discourses by Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Karl Marx’s Das Kapital: A modern-day interpretation of a true classic (Infinite Success Series) by Steve Shipside
The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli
Confessions (Oxford World’s Classics) by Saint Augustine
Leviathan (Oxford World’s Classics) by Thomas Hobbes
The History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides Thucydides
The Lord of the Rings: 50th Anniversary, One Vol. Edition by J.R.R. Tolkien
Winnie-the-Pooh (Pooh Original Edition) by A. A. Milne
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (Chronicles of Narnia) by C.S. Lewis
A Passage to India. E. M. Forster (Penguin Classics) by E. M. Forster
On the Road (Penguin Classics) by Jack Kerouac
To Kill a Mockingbird (Harper Perennial Modern Classics) by Harper Lee

Holy Bible, Revised Standard Version (Meridian) by Anonymous

A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess

Light in August (The Corrected Text) by William Faulkner

The Souls of Black Folk (Oxford World’s Classics) by W. E. B. Du Bois

Wide Sargasso Sea (Essential Penguin) by Jean Rhys

Madame Bovary (Penguin Classics) by Gustave Flaubert

Paradise Lost (Penguin Classics) by John Milton

Anna Karenina (Oprah’s Book Club) by Leo Tolstoy

Hamlet (The New Folger Library Shakespeare) by William Shakespeare

King Lear (The New Folger Library Shakespeare) by William Shakespeare
51. Othello (Folger Shakespeare Library) by William Shakespeare
52. Shakespeare’s Sonnets (Folger Shakespeare Library) by William Shakespeare
53. Leaves of Grass (Oxford World’s Classics)by Walt Whitman
54. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Penguin Classics) by Mark Twain
55. Kim (Oxford World’s Classics) by Rudyard Kipling
56. Frankenstein (Penguin Classics) by Mary Shelley
57. Song of Solomon by Toni Morrison
58. One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest: (Great Books edition) (Penguin Great Books of the 20th Century) by Ken Kesey
59. For Whom the Bell Tolls (Scribner Classics) by Ernest Hemingway
60. Slaughterhouse-Five: A Novel by Kurt Vonnegut
61. Animal Farm by George Orwell
62. Lord of the Flies (50th Anniversary Edition) by William Golding
63. In Cold Blood by Truman Capote
64. The Golden Notebook by Doris May Lessing
65. Remembrance of Things Past: Volume I – Swann’s Way & Within a Budding Grove (Vintage)
by Marcel Proust
66. The Big Sleep by Raymond Chandler
67. As I Lay Dying: The Corrected Text (Modern Library) by William Faulkner
68. The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway
69. I, Claudius From the Autobiography of Tiberius Claudius Born 10 B.C. Murdered and Deified A.D. 54 (Vintage International) by Robert Graves
70. The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter by Carson McCullers
71. Sons and Lovers (Penguin Classics) by D. H. Lawrence
72. All the King’s Men [ALL THE KINGS MEN HARVEST/E] by Robert Penn(Author) ; Blotner, Joseph(Foreword by) Warren
73. Go Tell It on the Mountain by James Baldwin
74. Charlotte’s Web by E. B. White
75. Heart of Darkness (Norton Critical Editions) by Joseph Conrad
76. Night (Oprah’s Book Club) by Elie Wiesel
77. Rabbit, Run by John Updike
78. The Age of Innocence (Norton Critical Editions) by Edith Wharton
79. Portnoy’s Complaint by Philip Roth
80. Theodore Dreiser: An American Tragedy (Library of America No.140) by Theodore Dreiser
81. Day of the Locust by Nathanael West
82. Tropic of Cancer by Henry Miller
83. The Maltese Falcon (Crime Masterworks) by Dashiell Hammett
84. His Dark Materials Trilogy by Philip Pullman
85. Death Comes for the Archbishop (Willa Cather Scholarly Edition) by Willa Cather
86. The Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud
87. The Education of Henry Adams: A Centennial Version by Henry Adams
88. Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung by Mao Tse-Tung
89. The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature by William James
90. Brideshead Revisited by Evelyn Waugh
91. Silent Spring by Rachel Carson
92. The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money by John Maynard Keynes
93. Lord Jim (Signet Classics) by Joseph Conrad
94. Good-Bye to All That: An Autobiography by Robert Graves
95. The Affluent Society by John Kenneth Galbraith
96. The Wind in the Willows (Signet Classics) by Kenneth Grahame
97. Autobiography of Malcolm X by MALCOLM X
98. Eminent Victorians (Oxford World’s Classics) by Lytton Strachey
99. The Color Purple by Alice Walker
100. Winston S. Churchill: The Second World War by Winston Churchill